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The History of Gregoria (Country) Rose Revolution

The History of Gregoria (Country) Rose Revolution

I believe there might be a misunderstanding or confusion in the name “Gregoria,” as there is no known country by that name. However, I assume you might be referring to Georgia, particularly the Rose Revolution that took place in 2003. If this is the case, I’ll provide information about the Rose Revolution in Georgia:

The Rose Revolution in Georgia (2003)


  • The Rose Revolution was a series of peaceful protests and demonstrations that took place in Georgia in November 2003.
  • The movement was primarily driven by widespread dissatisfaction with the results of the parliamentary elections held on November 2, 2003, which were widely criticized for electoral fraud and irregularities.

Triggering Events

The parliamentary elections were initially won by the ruling party of President Eduard Shevardnadze, but opposition parties, led by Mikheil Saakashvili, accused the government of manipulating the results.

Protests and Civil Disobedience

  • Following the elections, mass protests erupted in the capital city, Tbilisi, and other major cities across the country.
  • The protesters, wearing roses as a symbol of peaceful resistance, called for the annulment of the election results and demanded new, fair elections.

Key Figures

  • Mikheil Saakashvili, a charismatic opposition leader and former Justice Minister, emerged as a prominent figure during the protests.
  • Nino Burjanadze, then Speaker of the Parliament, also joined the opposition, signaling a split within the ruling party.

Resignation of Eduard Shevardnadze

  • As the protests gained momentum, President Eduard Shevardnadze faced increasing pressure to step down.
  • On November 23, 2003, Eduard Shevardnadze announced his resignation, leading to the end of his presidency.


  • Mikheil Saakashvili, having played a crucial role in the revolution, became the acting president after Shevardnadze’s resignation.
  • New presidential elections were held in January 2004, and Saakashvili was elected as the new president of Georgia.

Mikheil Saakashvili’s Presidency

Reforms and Modernization

Mikheil Saakashvili’s presidency (2004 until 2013) was marked by ambitious reforms aimed at modernizing Georgia’s institutions, combating corruption, and fostering economic development.

Challenges and Conflicts

Saakashvili faced challenges, including the 2008 war with Russia over South Ossetia, and his presidency was not without controversy.

The Rose Revolution is considered a pivotal moment in Georgia’s modern history, symbolizing a shift towards democracy and transparency. However, opinions on the long-term impact of the revolution and Saakashvili’s presidency are diverse. Since Saakashvili’s tenure, Georgia has experienced changes in political leadership, constitutional amendments, and ongoing geopolitical challenges.

If there’s a specific aspect of Georgia’s history or the Rose Revolution you would like more details about, please feel free to ask.

Georgia, the country located in the South Caucasus region at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, does not have a presidential system of government. Instead, Georgia is a semi-presidential republic with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

Here is a brief overview of the presidency in Georgia

Eduard Shevardnadze (1995 until 2003)

  • Eduard Shevardnadze served as the second President of Georgia following its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • He took office on November 26, 1995, and his presidency was marked by economic challenges, political instability, and conflicts in the regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  • Shevardnadze resigned from the presidency in November 2003 during the Rose Revolution, a series of peaceful protests against alleged electoral fraud.

Mikheil Saakashvili (2004 until 2013)

  • Mikheil Saakashvili was elected as the third President of Georgia following the Rose Revolution.
  • He took office on January 25, 2004, and his presidency focused on democratic reforms, anti-corruption measures, and efforts to modernize the country’s institutions.
  • Saakashvili’s presidency was also marked by the 2008 war with Russia over the breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
  • He served two terms and was succeeded by Giorgi Margvelashvili in 2013.

Giorgi Margvelashvili (2013 until 2018)

  • Giorgi Margvelashvili served as the fourth President of Georgia.
  • He took office on November 17, 2013, and his presidency saw a shift in power dynamics with constitutional changes that transferred significant executive powers to the prime minister.
  • Margvelashvili’s term ended in November 2018, and Salome Zourabichvili succeeded him as the fifth President.

Salome Zourabichvili (2018 until present)

  • Salome Zourabichvili is the current President of Georgia, having taken office on December 16, 2018.
  • Her presidency follows constitutional changes that shifted many executive powers to the prime minister, making the president’s role more ceremonial.

For the most recent and detailed information, it is advisable to consult the latest sources.

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